Joint Communiqué on Review of the European Neighbourhood Policy

A Joint Communiqué of the European Commission and the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy to the European Parliament, the EU Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Region on Review of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) was released on 18 November 2015.

It should be noted that the review has brought over 250 responses to the public consultation from Member States, partner governments, EU institutions, international organisations, social partners, civil society, business, think tanks and academia.
 
The Document represents the EU’s new vision how to increase efficiency of co-operation and to further develop the relations with the partner countries in the frames of the ENP. In this context, the Communiqué includes key principles and measures that will provide for co-operation between the EU and partner countries in the future.  

In compliance with the Document, the most urgent challenge of the new ENP in many parts of the neighbourhood is stabilisation that means eradication of causes of instability in all sectors. With that end in view, the efforts, in the frames of the ENP, will be made to facilitate the development of economy and to improve future prospects for local population.

Differentiation and greater mutual ownership will be further key elements of the new ENP, reflecting the wishes of each country concerning the nature and scope of its partnership with the EU. The new ENP provides for the enhanced co-operation in key priorities:
  • Democracy, good governance, the rule of law, independent and effective justice systems, public administration and fight against corruption;
  • Economic and social development, modernisation of the economy, fostering innovation, the creation of jobs and boosting skills and promoting economic, social and territorial cohesion;
  • Integration with the EU market by creating the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area. Determination of attractive and realistic alternatives for those partners who do not wish to engage in negotiations for a comprehensive economic integration agreement with the EU, for strengthening trade and investment relations that reflect mutual interests;
  • Promotion of economic modernization and entrepreneurship by encouraging research, science and innovation;
  • Promotion of employment by facilitating professional development. In this context the new ENP puts a major focus on youth employment;
  • Development of transport and connectivity by connecting eastern partners to  the Trans-European Transport Network;
  • Enhancement of co-operation on energy security and climate;
  • Reinforcement of co-operation in security matters by facilitating the security sector reform in the partner countries, as well as by tackling terrorism and disrupting organised cross-border crime and corruption;
  • Migration and mobility envisaging enhanced co-operation with the partner countries in addressing irregular migration and forced displacement as well as in facilitating mutually beneficial legal migration. In this context, the EU is ready to encourage the development of a new labour migration scheme in coordination with the Member States.
 
According to the Document, the European Union will strengthen co-operation with the international financial institutions to obtain additional funds apart from deploying the available financial resources.
 
The Document puts particular accent on the need of improving visibility for the EU policies.