Relations Between Georgia and the United States of America 

Chronology of Diplomatic Relations

Diplomatic relations with the United States of America were established on April 23, 1992.

Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassadors of Georgia to the United States of America:

  • David Bakradze - 2017 - to date
  • Archil Gegeshidze (April 2013 - 2017)
  • Temuri Yakobashvili (January 2011 - February 2013)
  • Batu Kutelia (March 2009 -December 2010)
  • Vasil Sikharulidze (February 2006 - December 2008),
  • Levan Mikeladze (June 2002 - January 2006),
  • Tedo Japaridze (July 1994 - March 2002),
  • Petre Chkheidze (August 1993 - July 1994).

Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassadors of the United States of America to Georgia:

  • Ian Kelly (September 2015 - present)
  • Richard Norland (August 2012 - July 2015)
  • John Bass (October 2009 - July 2012)
  • John Teft (August 2005 - August 2009),
  • Richard Miles (May 2002 - August 2005),
  • Kenneth Yalowitz (July 1998 - June 2001),
  • William Courtney (September 1995 - August 1997),
  • Kent Brown (September 1992 - August 1995).

Honorary Consuls of Georgia to the United States of America:

John Everet Hall –Honorary Consul of Georgian in Atlanta, Georgia 
Consular District: Georgia, USA
Address: 191 Peachtree Street, Suite 2900 Atlanta, GA 30303
TEL: +1 (404) 954 5000, FAX: +1 (404) 954 5020, E-mail: jhall@hallboothsmith.com;

David K. Shimp – Honorary Consul of Georgian in Charleston, South Carolina
Consular District:  South Carolina, USA
Address: 1 Cool Blow Street, Suite 322, Charleston, SC 29403 
TEL: +1 (843) 266-0561; FAX: +1 (843) 266-0729, E-mail: d.shimp@comcast.net

Fields of Cooperation

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations with the newly independent Georgia, the US has provided immense political, military, financial and humanitarian assistance to Georgia. The United States has become one of the main international guarantors of Georgia's sovereignty. The US reiterated strong support of the territorial integrity of Georgia and its Euro Atlantic integration.

On 9 January 2009 in Washington DC the Charter on Strategic Partnership between Georgia and the United States was signed. The Charter is based on the principles of Strategic cooperation between the two states and support for the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity, inviolability of borders and the strengthening of democracy and stability. It represents a very important framework for the enhancement of cooperation in the spheres of security and defense, economy and trade, energy, culture and education, as well as for the strengthening of democratic institutions and extension of people to people contacts.

23  meetings of the security, democracy, people to people and economy/energy/trade working groups  in the framework of the US-Georgia Charter and 3 plenary sessions were held to date.

Defense and Security Cooperation

The most important episode of the US-Georgian cooperation was the implementation of Georgia Train and Equip Program (GTEP) initiated in 2002 and followed by the Sustainment and Stability Operations Program (SSOP) in 2005. Three Georgian brigades trained under the GTEP and SSOP have been deployed in Iraq under the U.S. leadership in 2005-2008.

Since March 2010 under the U.S. Marine Corps Forces Command Georgian infantry battalions participate in ISAF Operation in Afghanistan. More than 11.000 Georgian troops have been trained since 2010 under the auspices of GDP-ISAF program.

Hereby, military educational programs, U.S. Advisory teams, assessment visits of the U.S. experts are important to be mentioned. These programs financed and implemented by the U.S. side aim to increase Georgia’s defense capabilities, stimulate defense reforms and enhance the level of military education.
One of the important directions of U.S.-Georgia security cooperation is Biological Threat Reduction Program, which is the priority area of cooperation in the sphere of non-proliferation of WMD. Within the framework of the program Central Public Health Reference Laboratory (CPHRL) has been established.
Considering Georgia’s progress in defense system modernization, democratic and economic reforms and its substantial contribution to ISAF operation the U.S. President declared publicly about enhancing defense cooperation with Georgia after the meeting with his Georgian counterpart in 2012. Later on, on the meetings of the both countries’ defense officials the main directions of Enhanced Defense Cooperation have been identified.

The aim of Enhanced Defense Cooperation is to enhance Georgia’s defense system modernization, accelerate defense reforms, increase the level of NATO interoperability and improve self-defense capabilities.

In August 2013 as a result of the meeting between Minister of Defense of Georgia and U.S. Secretary of Defense two new areas were added to the list of Enhanced Defense Cooperation.

Economic Cooperation

GSP mode applies to a wide spectrum of agricultural products exported from Georgia to the USA that gives the possibility of application of the favorable customs duties to the Georgian products. On June 29, 3015 President Obama signed into law the H.R. 1295, which renews GSP and refunds tariffs paid on eligible imports. This law entered into from from July 29 – after almost 2 years from it expiration.

The US Foreign Direct Investment in Georgia in 2007-2012 amounted to 426.5 million USD that constitutes 8.4% of the total Foreign Direct Investments in Georgia for the same period. FDI for the year of 2013 amounted to 44.8 million USD and it amounted to 80 million USD for 2014.

Assistance Programs

The US assistance in various spheres have been increased since the Rose Revolution in November 2003, when the people of Georgia manifested to the international community its true desire to build a state based on the principles of democracy, market economy and the rule-of-law.

Millenium Challenge Corporation 

Georgia was one of the first countries to sign a compact with the Millennium Challenge Corporation over five-year period in September 2005. This compact totalling $395.3 million is focused on different projects for rehabilitating regional infrastructure and promoting private sector development.

On June 11, 2013 the U.S. Government’s Millennium Challenge Corporation Board of Directors approved a five-year, $140 million second compact with Georgia to increase the quality of human capital by investing in science and technology education and workforce development.

To improve the quality of education in these fields and increase earning potential, the proposed compact will make strategic investments from the start of a student’s general education to graduation from technical training and advanced degree programs, including a focus on increasing women’s participation in STEM professions.

The compact consists of three projects:

1)     The Improving General Education Quality Project seeks to improve the quality of general education through rehabilitation of deteriorating schools, training for educators and school managers and support for education assessments.

2)     The Industry-Led Skills and Workforce Development Project aims to improve the link between market-demanded skills and the supply of Georgians with those technical skills.

3)     The STEM Higher Education Project proposes to attract one or more American university partners to modernize science, technology, engineering, and math education by offering high-quality degree programs that boost productivity and growth and increase employment opportunities.

Following the Russian aggression, 1 bln. USD assistance was pledged by the US Government to Georgia for the economic recovery. The two-year assistance package will be used to finance actions aimed at humanitarian assistance to the displaced persons, promoting democratic reforms and rule of law, stimulating economic growth and rebuilding the infrastructure.

US Government supports various academic and professional programs in Georgia (Edmund S. Muskie Graduate Fellowship Program, Future Leaders Exchange Program (FLEX), Fulbright Program, Global Undergraduate Exchange Program (UGRAD), Legislative Fellows Program(LFP)) etc.

Energy Cooperation

Energy cooperation is one of the main pillars of Georgia-US bilateral relations. The US is deeply interested in diversification of the world energy markets and continuously supports projects in this regard. Georgia is viewed as a favorable transit country for the Caspian oil and gas resources.

On February 25, 2010 the Assistance Agreement was signed between Georgia and the USA. According to agreement, 122,500,000 USD as part of the 1 billion USD pledge, will be invested in the development of the Georgian energy sector and infrastructure.